Laser, an abbreviation of "light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation," refers to the transmission of light in the form of a single wavelength. When applied to the skin it passes through it and is absorbed by the pigment melanin in the hair follicle. Temperature in the hair follicle rises to 60-70 degrees, thus destroying the follicle and impairing hair nourishment. Hair follicles lie 2-5 mm beneath the skin, depending on the specific region involved.
Laser epilation devices are classified into four groups on the basis of the wavelengths they use, ruby, alexandrite, nd-yag and diode. Alexandrite and diode lasers are particularly effective. Contrary to popular belief, photo-epilation or IPL is not a laser technique. Laser epilation refers to the elimination of unwanted hairs on the body using laser rays.
The energy emitted by alexandrite lasers is well absorbed by melanin, meaning that alexandrite laser is particularly effective for people with a light-colored skin and dark hairs. The short length of the procedure, greater patient comfort involved and lower discomfort levels compared to other lasers makes this one of the most popular laser epilation devices. However, since alexandrite laser cannot be used on tanned skin or in the summer months, it is not much preferred in places such as Antalya.
Diode laser can be used on dark and tanned skins as well as fair complexions. Since it employs a long wavelength, the laser light is able to reach further down and destroy hair follicles within the skin. At the same time, diode laser can be applied to thin and light-colored hairs unsuitable for other laser devices. These features make it more popular compared to other devices. Discomfort is reduced to a minimum with an effective chilling system. Burn and discoloration complications are very rare. Since the chilling system is adjusted to the device, pain-free epilation is ensured.